Pesticide : Organic ways to win your garden back from unwanted guests

Agri Warfare / PESTICIDE
Told you guys play time was over .

There are four ways a natural insecticide can work: by ingestion, through contact,
as a deterrent, and by disrupting developmental processes.
Ingestion is when the insect consume the pesticide and is poisoned.
Contact poisoning is when the solution kills the pest through their skin or other tissue.
A deterrent is when the insecticide prevents the pest from feeding, and they starve.
Finally, certain pesticides, notably oil from the neem tree, disrupt the hormones that control molting and other processes.
I researched the substances in chili and garlic to understand how my natural pesticides might have worked.

The obvious first answer is OHN 2 (Oriental Herbal Nutrients 2)
after the 20 day ferment with the garlic and ginger and adding the coco vinegar you have the basis OHN 1
For OHN 1
1 kilo ginger
1 kilo garlic
1/2 liter molasses
5 days later
add 2.2 liters coco vinegar
10 days later
add 100 g sili and 100 g makabuhay
ferment ten more days read more about garlic and sili to understand how this works.
Chilies and other hot peppers contain a natural substance called capsaicin that creates the hot, spicy effect.
Capsaicin at 10 parts per million causes a persistent burning sensation.
The intense flavor comes from the large hydrocarbon "tail" of the molecule.
Capsaicin works by opening doors in the cell membranes that enable calcium ions to flood into the cell,
making it trigger a pain signal that is transmitted to the next cell, and on and on.
Extremely high concentrations of capsaicin are toxic.
Capsaicin destroys cells by stopping the production of certain neurotransmitters that enable cellular communication.
By boiling the chilies, I isolated and concentrated the capsaicin and other chemicals.
When we say were using sili make sure you crush them well when blending pesticides.
Garlic makes an excellent economical, non-toxic pesticide for the garden.
It has natural fungicidal and pesticidal properties that work effectively to control pests.
For maximum efficacy in pest control, avoid using any chemical fertilizers.
Fertilizers diminish the capacity of vital ingredients in garlic to fight pests.
Aphids, ants, termites, white flies, beetles, borers, caterpillars, slugs, and army worms are some of the pests that can be suitably controlled using garlic.
Healthy soil will draw beneficial insects and work in combination with garlic to repel the bad insects.
Keep your soil healthy by using plenty of organic matter, allowing adequate drainage and keeping the garden weed free.
Also, garlic is a broad-spectrum pesticide, so be careful to spray only the plant parts that are infested. This will help minimize destruction of beneficial insects.
Garlic produces allicin, which gives garlic its smell and healthful properties.
Garlic does not contain allicin itself, but when the cloves are crushed, two chemicals inside react to form allicin.
This is why garlic does not smell until you crush it. Allicin has been shown to have antifungal, antibiotic and antiviral properties,
and researchers believe it may help to prevent cancer.
Garlic oil has been used as an insect repellent, and may be toxic to certain insect eggs. It is possible that in high concentrations,
the antibiotic effects of garlic become lethal to the moth larvae. My garlic-based insecticide was highly concentrated.
Garlic was somewhat slower to cause 50% mortality but it had the second highest eventual lethality.
It may have acted as a repellent to the worms, making them not eat their food, but it may also have had contact-based effects.
Garlic spray
Mince one organic clove of garlic and one medium sized organic onion. Add to a quart of water.
Wait one hour and then add one teaspoon of cayenne pepper and one tablespoon of liquid soap to the mix.
This organic spray will hold its potency for one week if stored in the refrigerator.
More fun with Garlic.
Garlic Spray
Obtain five medium-sized garlic bulbs. Extract the cloves and remove the outer skin.
Use a garlic press to crush to very small bits. Alternatively, crush using a mortar and pestle.
Mix with 1/2-liter of water. Allow the mixture to soak for at least six hours. Add in some dish washing soap.
It is best to use a potash-based soap, as one that is too caustic will harm the plants. Use a fine cloth to strain the mixture.
Place in a glass jar with a tight fitting lid. When ready to use, dilute the mixture in 4 liters of water. It is best to use it immediately after preparation.
When stored for a long time, it loses its potency.
For easy application, place the desired amount in a spray bottle.
Spray the plant parts once a week to give protection against insects.
If rains are present, you need to spray twice a week. Of course, garlic has an extremely strong taste.
Once sprayed, the taste will remain on the plant for about a month. It is a good idea not to spray too close to harvesting time, as it may interfere with food flavors.
Garlic Drench
You can effectively control nematodes using garlic tea as a soil drench.
It will be absorbed by the plant roots and repel Japanese beetles, codling moths, carrot flies and root maggots.
It also kills slugs and snails. It is very effective in keeping away deer and rabbits from flowers in the garden.
Although effective, the drench is also likely to destroy beneficial, as well as harmful insects and soil bacteria.
Let's talk Neem

Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, nimtree or Indian lilac,
is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae.
It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to the Indian subcontinent,
i.e. India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Maldives.
It typically is grown in tropical and semi-tropical regions.
Neem trees now also grow in islands located in the southern part of Iran.
Its fruits and seeds are the source of neem oil.
I want to clarify that this section is about using the neem leaf.
The neem oil although more effective than using the neem leaves is less pungent to smell.
For a more concentrated version of the pesticide,
the neem oil can be extracted from the seed.
This is done by grinding down the dried seeds into a powder using a grinder or a mortar and pestle.
This powder can then be reconstituted with oil.
If you don't have access to neem trees or you prefer to purchase neem oil, this is produced from the seeds, not the leaves.
Neem spray is used for

We use this natural pesticide for:
white fly
The idea here is to basically prevent an infestation instead of being reactive.
The key to taking out ants for instance is killing their food source (the aphids)
resulting in them starving or running off.
Making Neem Tea (medium scale for bigger areas)
Don't be put off by the term, tea in the title. This is just the stewing of leaves in water.
We don't use warm water for this just our normal well water from our faucet.
The bucket of chopped up leaves is put into a 50-liter plastic barrel.
We filled this half full of water, put the lid on and leave it for 3 days to brew.
You'll know if your mixture is ready as it will smell like a cross between urine and onions.
Not a pleasant smell but effective against insects.
Adding Oil and Detergent
Using another barrel, we strain the mixture which has brewed for 3 days, through a nylon mesh sieve.
An old t-shirt works equally as well. This removes the leaves and we then have our mixture.
To make sure the pesticide sticks to the plants and doesn't just run off, we need to add oil and dish soap.
For this, we use 3 ounces of cooking oil and the same of dish soap.
The role of the dish soap is to break down the oil, and the role of the oil is to make it stick to the leaves.
The stewed leaves from your mixture can be used in your compost heap or around the base of your plants.
I take 1 kilo of neem leaves and shred them strain the juices to 5 liters of water and depending on severity add 15-30 maybe more red sili.
Add 250-500 g of makabuhay depending on what the situation calls for .
leave to ferment for 3 days and add 15-20 liters of water to the mix depending on dilution required.
Also it is advisable to add makabuhay or panyawan as needed.

Using plants for effect.
Certain plants can be used by merely being planted a few of these are leeks,lavender,crysanthemum,marigold
Examples include :
Bay leaves: Repel flies.
Chives: Repel carrot flies, Japanese beetle and aphids.
Dill: Repels aphids, squash bugs, spider mites, cabbage loopers and tomato hornworms.
Fennel: Repels aphids, slugs and snails.
Lemon balm: Repels mosquitoes
This will become its own article later on.
Other mixtures known to be effective.
Salt Spray
For treating plants infested with spider mites, mix two tablespoons of Himalayan Crystal Salt into one gallon of warm water and spray on infected areas.
Mineral Oil
Mix 10-30 ml of high-grade oil with one liter of water. Stir and add to spray bottle. This organic pesticide works well for dehydrating insects and their eggs.
Citrus Oil and Cayenne Pepper
This organic pesticide works well on ants. Mix 10 drops of citrus essential oil with one teaspoon cayenne pepper and 1 cup of warm water.
Shake well and spray on the affected areas.
Soap, Orange Citrus Oil, and Water
To make this natural pesticide, simply mix three tablespoons of liquid Organic Castile soap with 1 ounce of Orange oil to one gallon of water.
Shake well. This is an especially effective treatment against slugs and can be sprayed directly on ants and roaches.
Eucalyptus Oil
A great natural pesticide for flies, bees, and wasps.
Simply sprinkle a few drops of eucalyptus oil where the insects are found.
They will all be gone before you know it.
Chrysanthemum Flower Tea
These flowers hold a powerful plant chemical component called pyrethrum.
This substance invades the nervous system of insects, rendering them immobile.
You can make your own spray by boiling 100 grams of dried flowers into 1 liter of water.
Boil dried flowers in water for twenty minutes. Strain, cool, and pour into a spray bottle.
Can be stored for up to two months. You can also add some organic neem oil to enhance the effectiveness.
Tobacco Spray
Just as tobacco is hazardous to humans, tobacco spray was once a commonly used pesticide for killing pests, caterpillars, and aphids.
Mix one cup of organic tobacco (preferably a brand that is organic and all-natural) into one gallon of water.
Allow the mixture to set overnight. After 24-hours, the mix should have a light brown color. If it is very dark, add more water.
This mix can be used on most plants, except those in the solanaceous family (tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, etc.)
Chile Pepper / Diatomaceous Earth
Grind two handfuls of dry chiles into a fine powder and mix with 1 cup of Diatomaceous earth.
Add to 2 liters of water and let set overnight. Shake well before applying.
Slug disposal
Put beer in a yogurt style cup and leave it flush with the ground .
The yeast will attract them and they will drown pretty simple way to deal with them .


Popular posts from this blog

The longest road (Part 2)

The longest road (part 6)

The Longest Road (Part 1).......Reflections from my time in the mountains (My journey)